Author Guidelines for Contributions in Ethnobiology

Contributions in Ethnobiology follows APA, Seventh Edition (2020). We recommend authors consult the APA Style website and other locations, such as academic institutions and the Purdue OWL, when preparing their manuscripts.

APA provides guidance on formatting the text, for style, grammar, mechanics, headings, table, figures, references, and more. There, authors can find information about citing Indigenous Peoples and oral histories.

In addition to pointing authors to APA, this document provides instructions for a few aspects of monographs: abstracts, names, acknowledgements, and appendices.


Each monograph, each edited volume as a whole, and each chapter in edited volumes has an abstract of under 250 words (for library description, ISBN application, front matter, and backcover).


Book authors may, optionally, include and Acknowledgments section in the front matter (after the Title Page and before the Abstract).

In edited volumes, each individual chapter can have Acknowledgments (optional) should go after the text and any Notes, andbefore the References Cited section.

Common Names, Scientific Names and Voucher Specimens

Common names of plants and animals are not capitalized, unless they are a proper name (examples: big- leafed maple, Douglas maple).

Scientific names (Latin binomials) should be cited in the style of the relevant biological discipline. Genus and species must be italicized; authorities of plants should be cited the first time mentioned in the text or in tabular form (example: Zea mays L.).

The locations where voucher specimens have been deposited for curation should be put in an endnote.

Vernacular and Indigenous Language Terminology

For languages that are not written with the Latin alphabet, vernacular or indigenous terminology used as data should be transliterated with a consistent phonemic orthography or practical alphabet. A brief characterization of the orthographic conventions used should be given in an endnote at the first occurrence in the text.

To increase readability, indigenous terms should be indicated by bold face italics to contrast with normal use of italics for foreign terms and Latin binomials. Terms that are in a language that is commonly written according to well-established orthographic conventions (e.g., Spanish, French) should be italicized as foreign words.


Use metric units for all measurements (e.g., cm, ha, kg). English units may be added in parentheses, spelled out. Exception: the original research cited used English measurements.


Dates should be followed by BP, BC, or AD (not BCE or CE). If the dates are calibrated they should say cal BC or cal AD.


Numbers with 4 digits or more should use commas (5,000).


Tables should be formatted using the table function in Word (as opposed to formatted using tabs). Send tables as separate files. Captions can be at the end of the text document or as a separate Word file.


All figures (charts and images) should be numbered sequentially as they appear in the text (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). All figures should include a title and credit the source.

Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions for all images for which they are not the creator. The editorial team is not available to do this work for authors.

Note where each figure will appear within the manuscript, using the figure number as a place marker; such as “Figure 1 Goes Here.” Send figures as separate files and also send all of the captions together in a separate Word file.

Photos and other bitmap figures should be high resolution (300 pixels per inch at print size) jpg, tif, psd. For example, a photograph that will be reproduced at 5" x 5" should be 1,500 px x 1,500 px. Maximum image width: 1,600 px (5.33" @ 300 ppi); maximum image height: approximately 2,400 px (8" @ 300 ppi), depending on space required for figure caption. Photographs should be color or black and white images of good contrast and sharpness.

Line drawings or vector images (created using a drawing program like Illustrator) can be in ai, eps, or pdf format with fonts embedded or type converted to outlines.