XVIII. Global Change/Global Health
XVIII. Global Change/Global Health
The Global Change/Global Health session presents work in which global change and human health are viewed as interconnected phenomena. At the intersection of global change analyses and global health studies, these papers frame global change and human health as direct and indirect causes and consequences of each other. Human responses to the continuous transformations in the Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land involve biopsychosocial shifts in human communities. Papers may consider one of the major threads through which global change connects to global health, such as: (1) the health related causes and consequences of environmental change; (2) spatiotemporal processes of health; (3) the phenomenology of climate, environmental, and lifestyle changes; (4) critical analyses of global change and global health initiatives; (4) theoretical and methodological contributions to global change and global health studies; (5) global flows of people and ideas related to environments and wellbeing; (6) emerging ethical debates about global climate, health, political and social restructurings; (7) human and environmental relationships to new technologies, and the relevance for wellbeing; and (8) global change and global health in relationship to global conflicts. In addressing these most important convergences between global change and global health, the papers in this session contribute to public debates and informing public policies about the human dimensions of global change.
The present study focuses on traditional usage of animals and plants species for medicinal purpose and indigenous knowledge system existing of Rana Tharu a sub-group of Tharu in Nepal. A total of 24 animal species and 73 plant species are used by Rana Tharu people to treat 26 and 45 different ailments, respectively.The elder people also believe and tended to have a positive view toward the conservation of traditional medicine.However, knowledge is transferred orally from one generation to the next by traditional healers. Lack of interest among younger generations and no written records has led to the loss of vital information. Similarly, existence of knowledge is being threatened due to change in life style, easy access to health services, and few local healers left of the Rana Tharu. Thus, in order to protect their knowledge, this study suggests additional awareness dissemination, further documentation, perseveration and promotion of these teachings.
77% of Kyrgyzstan’s fruits and berries and 52% of its vegetables come from home gardens that average only 0.10 hectares. Local food systems and home gardens are looked to as a possible solution to food insecurity in both urban and rural environments in the United States as local food systems may increase access to healthy foods and improve dietary diversity. Yet models of what localized food systems should look like for a sustainable food system are sparse. This presentation demonstrates a new geospatial mapping survey and a food system model from Kyrgyzstan that illustrates what can be planted and raised in home gardens to meet household nutritional needs, with a focus on linking agricultural diversity and nutritional diversity.
The bay leaf is an important non-woody resource in several Mexican regions, and it is sold in markets during all year. Usually it is not cultivated, thus the natural populations are facing several problems because it is extracted illegally. Also, little is known about the distribution, and propagation of some species.
In the present project we collected vegetative, and reproductive Litsea samples from individuals of two different agreoecosystems, located in the Mexican state of Hidalgo. The samples were taken for taxonomic identification, seed propagation experimentation, and asexual propagation air layering, and hardwood cuttings.
Like result, we identified two Litsea species, L. pringlei and L. schaffneri.
The air layering method looks like a good option to propagate the species of Litsea studied.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and a serious global health problem and its cost of treatment for individual patients is very high. Traditional knowledge could be used to support conventional diabetes treatments. Here, we identify medicinal plants that have been used as treatments for diabetes based on Thai ethnobotanical knowledge. The data were obtained from 31 original references including theses, reports, journal articles, and books published from 1992–2015. In total, 187 reports of 123 plants species that had been used traditionally to treat diabetes in Thailand were identified. Tinospora crispa, Morinda citrifolia and Phyllanthus amarus were the three most commonly used species. There were also numerous reports of the use of Leguminosae, Lamiaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Rubiaceae, and Acanthaceae for the treatment of diabetes. Stems, roots, and leaves were most commonly used in diabetes medicinal recipes. For preparation and administration of the diabetes medicines, decoction and oral ingestion were most common.
Animal keeping provides obvious nutritious and social benefits to humans while also creating financial cost and additional disease risks. Dog-keeping attitudes and behaviors are important to understand because even the poorest people on Earth live with dogs, apparently outweighing the benefits of dog partnership with their personal and health costs. Yet, little anthropology addresses domestic dogs. I present results of pilot research conducted among small-holder family farmers from two southern Guatemalan communities, one indigenous K’iche’ Mayan village, and a mixed-heritage Ladino village. Mixed methods data include quantitative survey results of two cognitive tests, the Animal Attitude Scale-5, and the Satisfaction with Life -5, and demographic questions about the respondent and his/her farm. Participant-observation and a dozen in-depth, qualitative interviews in each community inform farm lifeways, with a specific focus on human-animal interaction, particularly ethnozoology of dogs.
Message from S. Ragosta: I plan to co-present this research, published in Ethnobiology Letters, with the second author, Ivelyn Harris:
An ethnomedicinal study was initiated with herbalists in coastal Central Region Ghana to explore how cancer is defined, diagnosed, and treated within a traditional Fante-Akan context. The participatory, service-oriented investigation included international collaboration with herbalists and traditional plant experts. Ten cancer ethnopharmacopoeia plants were identified, most of which are species considered native to tropical Africa. Fante Akan herbalists listed various types of cancers they treat with herbal remedies, along with ethnomedicinal descriptions of disease etiology, diagnoses, and treatments. The most common cancer type mentioned was “breast cancer.” Topical application was the most often cited method of administering remedies.
In Central Uganda, people make their livelihoods by intensively using bananas as a principal starchy food, alongside a wide variety of other crops. In recent years, their rich food culture has been at risk from the influence of a cash economy and reduction in banana production. It is essential to understand how parental generations can hand their food knowledge (health, techniques, manners, and thoughts) down to their children. This study describes the current state of children’s dietary habits. Focusing on senior pupils at a primary school, diet surveys were conducted, students’ lunch boxes were recorded and their drawings of home dining scenes were collected. These revealed that primary school education is separated from home in terms of diet. We need to develop ways to incorporate traditional knowledge into the food education of schools.