Ethnobiology in Mexico / Etnobiología de México (Part II)

Organizer: 
Ramon Cuevas
Email address: 
Proposal Type: 
Live 75 minute session - which includes 6 speakers/discussant timeslots.
Session Date and Time: 
Friday, 14 May, 2021 - 14:45 to 16:00

This two-part session highlights a range of contemporary ethnobiological research in Mexico. The studies presented include: descriptions of plant and landscape usage, the significance of cultural knowledge for conservation, and the economic dimensions of natural resource exploitation. The session will feature some papers in Spanish and some in English. 

Time
(UTC-7)
Abstract
14:45
Presentation format: 
Oral (live)
Author(s):
Flores-Silva
, Alondra - University of Guadalajara
Cuevas-Guzmán
, Ramón - University of Guadalajara
Baptista
, Geilsa - State University of Feira de Santana
Olvera-Vargas
, Miguel - University of Guadalajara

The ability to name plants is part of one´s theoretical botanical knowledge. We analyze the intracultural variation of knowledge regarding the cultural domain of edible plants in a rural population of western Mexico. It evaluates an individual’s capacity to name plants, the plant´s salience, children´s sources of this knowledge, and the socioeconomic factors that influence their degree of knowledge in a context of socio-environmental changes. Freelists on local edible plant species were generated with 107 participants, including, children of middle childhood, preteens, and adults. A total of 102 species were obtained among the lists for all three age groups. While each age and gender group presented particularities in terms of the species mentioned, a high level of overlap was found among the salient species. Vertical knowledge transmission was more important for the children, and their ability to name the species differed significantly according to age, gender, and mother´s occupation.

14:57
Presentation format: 
Oral (live)
Author(s):
Ramírez
, Rosa Elena

Grupo “Color de la Tierra” surgió en 2001 atendiendo a una problemática de cambio de uso de suelo y disminución de cafetales bajo sombra de más de 200 años de antigüedad. La situación de ese tiempo se reflejo en la pérdida de recursos locales y conocimientos. Por lo que se ha venido trabajando para mantener el sistema café bajo sombra, dándole un valor agregado, fortaleciendo la situación socioeconómica con autoempleo dentro de nuestra comunidad, haciendo un mejor uso de nuestros recursos, preservando conocimientos tradicionales, aprendiendo por medio del intercambio y aprovechando los recursos de manera sustentable.

Nuestros planes para el futuro incluyen: innovar, diversificar y aumentar la producción, mantener clientela, fortalecer cadenas productivas, mantener seguridad alimentaria y económica para nuestras familias y seguir generando procesos de intercambio de experiencias que favorezcan el desarrollo sustentable.

15:10
Presentation format: 
Oral (live)
Author(s):
Cuevas-Guzmán
, Ramón - University of Guadalajara
Núñez-López
, Nora M. - University of Guadalajara
Topete-Corona
, Citlally - University of Guadalajara
Morales-Arias
, José Guadalupe - University of Guadalajara

Camote del cerro includes at least two species of Dioscorea on the South Coast of Jalisco. The tuberous root has been used as food for decades by man. These are volubles perennial herbs, the aerial part of which dies year after year. Interviews were conducted with 47 collectors in the region who indicate that they collect the roots from August to February of the following year. Dioscorea remotiflora is found in the tropics zones, usually below 1200 m elevation, and is harvested from August to November. Dioscorea sparciflora is rather from subtropical to temperate areas, usually above 1200 and up to 1800 m and is harvested from December to March. Both species are used for self-consumption and sale, representing a source of food and income for families in the region.